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American Toad

American Toads

Anaxyrus americanus

At A Glance

  • Identification: Brown/red and grey body with black splotches on its back, white belly
  • Commonly Confused With: Other toads and frogs
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern - Population Stable
  • Diet for Adults: Ants, beetles, moths, earthworms
  • Diet for Tadpoles: Algae, dead fish, other tadpoles
  • Habitat: Ponds, lakes, swamps, forests, agricultural fields, towns
  • Breeding: March - July, 4000 - 8000 eggs in 2 rows, eggs hatch in 3 - 12 days
  • Behavior: Hide during the day, active at dusk and night, dig tunnels
  • Threats to Adults:Snakes, especially garter snakes and eastern hognose snakes, hawks, herons, raccoons
  • Threats to Adults:Large carnivorous bugs like diving beetles
  • Hibernation: In self-dug tunnels
  • Special Skills: Self-urination to make themselves less tasty to predators, ability to inflate like a balloon so that snakes have difficulty swallowing them
  • When You Can Find Them in North Louisiana: Spring, Summer, Fall