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oak toad

Black Bayou Lake NWR

Oak Toads

Anaxyrus quercicus

At A Glance

  • Identification: Small, brown with black and brown spots on the back, white, cream, or orange dorsal stripe
  • Commonly Confused With: Other toads
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern - Population Stable
  • Diet: Ants, beetles, centipedes, spiders, other invertebrates
  • Habitat: Lakes, ponds, swamps, in pine forests
  • Breeding: April - October; eggs laid in long strings wrapped around vegetation
  • Behavior: Spends time in burrows, under logs, debris
  • Threats: Snakes, raccoons, crows, gopher frogs, and parasites
  • Hibernation: Burrow made of loose soil
  • Special Skills: Most active daytime toad, ability to poison animals that try to eat it with poison glands
  • When You Can Find Them in North Louisiana: Spring, Summer, Fall