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Agkistrodon contortrix

At A Glance

  • IDENTIFICATION: Copper or dusty brown body with black strips that form hourglass patterns, elongated pupils (also called "cats' eye" pupils), pits on the face, flat head
  • COMMONLY CONFUSED WITH: Broad-banded water snakes, juvenile and brown cottonmouths
  • CONSERVATION STATUS: Least Concern - Population Stable
  • DIET: Adults: Small rodents, large insects, frogs; Juveniles: Salamanders, frogs, lizards, insects, small snakes
  • HABITAT: Woodlands, roads, swamps, towns
  • HIBERNATION SITES: Crawfish, beaver and mink burrows, under rotting stumps
  • BREEDING: Up to 21 live births at once during two breeding seasons- February to May and August to October
  • BEHAVIOR: Tend to become defensive quickly and will strike if threatened
  • SPECIAL SKILLS: Camouflage into their area
  • SEASONS FOR VIEWING IN NORTH LOUISIANA: Year round, but most active during Spring, Summer, Fall