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REPTILES

Captive

WESTERN PYGMY RATTLESNAKES

Sistrurus miliarius

At A Glance

  • IDENTIFICATION: Small, light brownish gray, dark brown spots on the back and sides, nine large scales on the head, tiny rattle
  • COMMONLY CONFUSED WITH: Hognose snakes, juvenile black racers
  • CONSERVATION STATUS: Least Concern - Population Stable
  • DIET: Mice, small squirrels, birds, frogs, toads, lizards, centipedes, spiders, other snakes
  • HABITAT: Palmetto-pine flatwoods, boarder of cypress ponds, vicinity of lakes, moist and wet lowlands
  • BREEDING: July - September, live birth of up to 10 snakes once every two years
  • BEHAVIOR: Solitary except for mating, nest in abandoned burrows or logs during winter
  • SPECIAL SKILLS: Camouflage and luring prey with its tail
  • THREATS: Owls, hawks, eagles, king snakes, black snakes, foxes, coyotes
  • SEASONS FOR VIEWING IN NORTH LOUISIANA: Year round on warm days